Creation of Bangladesh

0
8228

Part-IV

The civil war. The myth Mukti Bahani were wining the war, is false and fabricated. As victors write history. Everyone believed it.
Sun was setting in the evening of Mar 25th. There was gloom in the air. There was intense irritation and distrust developed between West Pakistani and Bengali officers. It was due to the news of failure of Mujib, Bhutto and Government talks. We were receiving complete information as to what was happening all over the East Pakistan between March 1st to March 25.
Narrative in this article is not to give detailed description of battles during and on on set of War on Dec 3, 1971. The space does not permit. The article is to partly portray to reader what actually happened between Mar 1st to Dec to nullify the claims of Bangladeshi and Indian writers, portraying victory of Mukti Bahani. The civil war can be classified in three phases. The intrigues and backend subversion by India, their penetration into all segments of East Pakistan and preparations of rebellion in case Mujib is not handed over the power, and events up to first week of April. The second phase is up to the end of Aug / early September. The gathering of rebels and formation of Mukti Bahni. The third phase lasted till the on set of open war on Dec 3, 1971.
There were in total one infantry division, one armoured regiment and five artillery regiments and two mortar batteries. Beside, a Light A Regiment and a Commondo Battalion and Divisional support troops stationed in East Pakistan on that day. That total couple of thousand regular troops only. Division consisted four Brigades. Each Brigade had one East Bengal Regiment. I EBR was at Jessore, CO Lt Col Raza ul Jalil EP, 2 EBR at Joydapor, CO Lt Col Masoud. 3 EBR Lt Co Manzoor Ahmed, WP Officer, 4 EBR at Comilla, CO Lt Col Khizer Hayat, WP Officer, Major Khalid Musharraf as Second in Command, EP.8 EBR , CO Kt Col Rasheed Janjua, WP , at Chittagong with Maj Zia ur Rehman as Second in Command. 10 EB at Dacca was a Training Battalion, CO LT Col 2500 recruits, all EP.
East Pakistan Rifles had six sectors along the border with a strength of 16000, all were of EP. The force was over 90% WP officers with few EP officers. The police was around 45000 personals all EP. EBR Centre had over 2500 recruits.
Operation Search Light was planned by Maj Gen Farman and Maj Gen Khadim Hussain Raja, GOC 14 Division. When Yayha was indicated the expected response by Bengali elements and cost in casualties, he opined to keep the country togather cost is worth it. But he failed to realise political aspect advise was ignored. The main objectives set were, One seal off border (it failed due to lack of troops): two create conditions to ensure functioning of civil set up three restore writ of the Government fourth ensure non nationalist elements participation in new Political Set up.
Part of preparation,
2 EB companies were split at Joyadpore, Tangail , Mymensingh and Rajinderpur. Its CO, who was already posted out handed over the charge to Lt Col Raquib. Disloyalty not in his nature left the unit and never to be heard again. His 2IC, Major Saifullah rebelled and killed all WP officers and any WP soldiers. He boasted he had gathered over 3000 force trained by him. He contacted Lt Col Sinha of Indian intelligence through Capt Balwant of Indian BSF. Later he crossed over to India with his unit.
In Comilla, 4 EBR was earlier sent to Brahman Baria in aid of civil power and to control IS situation. It was not to be so CO, Col Khizer WP Officer was arrested by his 2IC Maj Khalid Musharraf, and sent to Agartala. Maj Shafat Jamil (later Maj Gen in BD), the batch mate of mine, told since Col Khizer was a fatherly figure and much respected in the unit his life was spared. Shafat later was appointed as Ambassador.
The 57 Brigade was dispersed in Dacca. Pakistan army moved out on night 25/26 which was ordered earlier not to interfere till March 25. They were abused and humiliated by Awami League militant volunteers and jeering crowds. It was action of last resort after total failure on political front for reasons explained earlier. Col ZA Khan and Maj Bilal were ordered the arrest of Mujib ur Rehman which was accomplished swiftly, he was arrested and shifted to Cantt Area and later to west Pakistan. Lt Col Zahid (later Brigadier), CO 31 Field was tasked to search the house of Mujib with orders to be civil and courteous. But wife of Mujib along with her daughter and son Kamal abused Lt Col Zahid. There was thus unpleasant situation. Reportedly she even abused Quaid Azam. Lot of Foreign Exhange and other record was taken in to custody.
Dacca University was the hub of all anti Pakistan activity and being organised as a force by Rab and Shahjahan Bria, the student leaders. Between March 1st and 25th killing of non Bengalis continued in University by the goons of Awami League. Jagannath Hall was made control centre by them. 18 Punjab supported by Artillery was tasked to clear the university. They thought it will be easy but told to be cautious and use minimum force. The resistance in the university turned out to be violent. They were vulgars in their gestures when asked to surrender and opened fire. A full fledge operation has to be launched as militants from Jagan Nath Hall were firing not only RLs but also Mortors. Artillery and even tanks has to be used. After flushing Jagan Nath Hall other halls and even Reqiaa Hall were searched. Before day light all was quite. Number of students were arrested. Brigade figures were 87 Bengali Militants died and Pak army lost four soldiers. Other sources figure quoted is over six hundred. But Awami League claim thousands died, which is not correct as university did not have that much space. Early morning Gen Tikka toured the area and was reportedly felt satisfied seeing Pak flag fluttering. All Bangladesh Desh flags had disappeared. But that night wedge created between two wings of Pakistan and two brothers was never to be bridged.
In Jassore, CO 1EB, Lt Col Raza ul Jalil rebelled. 107 Brigade Brig Durrani had to fight a pitched battle to disarm them. At one stage to support infantry 55 Field had to fire directly at Quarter Guard. 107 Brigade had 22 and 25 Baluch cleared the rebels, and around 130 Bengali soldiers were arrested. Some were killed others dispersed.
In Commila 53 Field was tasked to restore writ of the Government in Comilla city.
There was resistance in police Line Area. There were casualties of police and few 53 field troops were injured. The city was easily controlled and Comilla Airport was secured to ensure safety of incoming flights expected with reinforcements. Two Divisions from West Pakistan being airlifted less heavy equipment. At Comilla
Brigade Commander Brig Iqbal Shafi proceeded to Chittagong were situation was really bad along with FF Battalion under Col Shahpur. Chittagong was in the hands of Awami League from Mar 1 st, the goons of Awami League rounded up all Bihari population and indulged in large scale killing. Reportedly in thousands.
While Pakistan Army started operation, rebel elements were gathering and Mukti Bahni was formed.
(Tragedy of Error by Lt Gen Kamal Matinuddin) Eastern sector events, my personal participation.
(To be continued)

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonfutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩaAG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88