G7 Summit in France

US President Donald Trump stated he is ready to meet Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani under the right circumstances. It comes after Iran’s foreign minister made a short and unexpected visit to the G7 summit in France. Relations between Iran and the US have exacerbated since Washington withdrew last year from a 2015 deal to limit Iran’s nuclear activities. Mr Rouhani said he was ready to meet anyone if he felt it would benefit Iran. Mr Trump’s remarks came at the close of the G7 summit where leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the US gathered in Biarritz. Other issues they discussed included world trade, fires in the Amazon, and developments in Ukraine, Libya and Hong Kong. Mr Macron, who has taken an aggressive role to try to save the accord, said he had informed Mr Trump of his design to invite Mr Zarif, after discussions with Iranian officials on possible way out. The deal restricted Iran’s enrichment of uranium and required it to permit international inspections. The accord also specified that Iran should redesign a heavy-water reactor being built so that it could not produce any weapons-grade plutonium. The US withdrew from the deal in May 2018, and issued a list of 12 “requirements” for a new nuclear deal and the lifting of US sanctions. These comprised Iran restraining its ballistic missile programme, and terminating its participation in regional conflicts. Mr Trump frankly said that for any new deal, he was looking for no nuclear weapons, no ballistic missiles and a longer period of time. It is not clear whether Iran would accept any new conditions. Talks were already under way for other countries to provide Iran with credit, secured by oil, to keep its economy floating.
International leaders at the G7 summit have consented to provide logistical and financial support to help restrict fires in the Amazon rainforest. French President Emmanuel Macron said G7 countries would release $22million. President Jair Bolsonaro stated that Mr Macron’s plan of an “alliance” to save” the Amazon considered Brazil “as if we were a colony or no man’s land”. A large number of fires are burning in Brazil, mainly in the Amazon, in conformity with the country’s space research agency. The funding promise was announced as the leaders of the G7 – Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the US continue to meet in Biarritz, France. Mr Macron claimed that the funds would be made available right away first and foremost to pay for more fire-fighting planes – and that France would also offer solid support with military in the region within the next few hours. Nevertheless Mr Bolsonaro who has been closed tie in a public altercation with Mr Macron in recent weeks charged the French leader of introducing outrageous and free charge attacks against the Amazon region, and concealing his purpose behind the idea of an association of G7 countries. In spite of this environment minister, Ricardo Salles, told reporters that the funding was commended. President Macron outlined the fires as an “international crisis” and pushed for them to be given precedence at the G7 summit which his country is hosting. G7 leaders also plan to discuss plans to reforest the Amazon, at the United Nations general assembly meeting in September. The intensity of the fires, and the response by Brazil’s government, has induced a world outcry and protests. As reported by Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (Inpe), above 75,000 fires has been registered in Brazil so far in 2019, large of them in the Amazon region. Facing heavy pressure from several countries President Bolsonaro authorized the military to help solve the blazes. About 44,000 troops are available to help in the effort and officials said that military intrusion has been authorized in seven states. Warplanes have also been drawn up in to throw water on the areas affected. The president stated that he had also accepted an offer of support from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. President Bolsonaro has in the past been critical of the response of foreign countries and blamed them of involving in Brazil’s national sovereignty. As condemnation ascended again Finland’s finance minister went as far as calling for the EU to consider banning Brazilian beef imports altogether. Wildfires often occur in the dry season in Brazil, but satellite data released by Inpe has shown an acceleration of 85 percent this year. It has been registered that the huge number of fires being recorded also overlap with a large declining in fines being handed out for environmental violations. Neighbouring Bolivia is also fighting to contain fires burning in its forests. The biggest rainforest in the world, the Amazon is an essential carbon warehouse that slows down the speed of global warming. It spread a number of countries, but the large of it falls within Brazil. The rainforest is also home to approximately three million species of plants and animals and one million aboriginal people.
US allies have pressed Donald Trump at the G7 summit, said that the trade war is menacing the world economy. He has said that the US and China will resume trade talks after a weekend of increasing tension with Beijing. Mr Trump dramatically raised tariffs on billions of dollars of Chinese imports in revenge for fresh duties from Beijing. Nevertheless China wanted to “make a deal” The US is trying to force Beijing to amend its trade practices. Mr Trump said he planned to order US firms working in China to move their operations back to the US, although it is vague how he could force them to agree.

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