Heart disease subject to highest deaths worldwide

Heart disease is subject to for the most deaths globally for both men and women of all races. Starting with the year 2016, about 28.2 million US adults were identified with heart disease. In 2015, almost 634,000 people died of heart disease, achieving it the leading cause of death. Russia has the highest rate of heart disease, with 1,752 heart disease-associated deaths per 100,000 people. Since 2016, 28.2 million US adults were diagnosed with heart disease. In 2015, at least 634,000 people died of heart disease, making it the leading cause of death. If one take care of him and make the required changes, can live a long, full life despite of heart disease diagnosis. Males in Hong Kong have the minimal death rate for cardiovascular disease, the Russian Federation rate being about six fold greater. For females, the lowest death rates are found in France, Hong Kong and Japan. Ischaemic heart disease and stroke are the world’s largest killers. There were about 15.2 million deaths in 2016. These diseases have stayed the leading causes of death worldwide. The cardiologists have alerted that heart diseases have become the leading cause of deaths in Pakistan where in accordance to the World Health Organization a frightening increase has been observed in deaths due to heart attacks, heart failures and other cardiac diseases, causing in a perplexing about 46 deaths with every passing hour. Three years back merely 12 people were dying owing to heart diseases per hour but only within three years, the figure has increased fourfold and now 46 people are dying owing to heart attacks in Pakistan. In line with the international standards Pakistanis have risen as among the ‘laziest’ people in the world who barely undertake any physical activity. The World Health Organization figures and statistics display that bulk of Pakistanis do not take part in physical activity which is the reason of heart disease and heart attacks in the world comprising Pakistan. Regardless of their social position does not exercise routinely walk or cycle. As reported by the WHO data of 2016 as many as 250,000 people were dying due to heart diseases in Pakistan yearly which was 19 percent of the total deaths nationwide but in only three years, the WHO has found a growing increase by 29 percent of total deaths due to heart diseases, which is approximately 406,870 per year. The daily death rate due to heart diseases comes to an astonishing 1,115 people, largely owing to heart attacks, which can, luckily be avoided by lifestyle. The lack of fresh fruits and vegetables from the daily diet, stated is a principal reason of cardiac diseases. The poverty stricken and lower-income group people eat vegetables on a punctual basis but their generally rate of consumption is in population. The use of tobacco is dangerously on the rise in Pakistan where with the increase in price of cigarettes, the use of chewing tobacco have increased multifold. Chewing tobacco in the form of Gutka, Paan, Naswar, Mainpuri and other smuggled tobacco products is also on the increase with the day that passes. These customs are also large reasons of hypertension, diabetes and obesity, which are the bulk risk factors behind cardiovascular diseases in Pakistan.
Above 150 journalists and their families were screened for high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol at the health screening camp, free of charge consultations by a team of junior cardiologists from the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases. A team of ECG technicians and paramedics performed ECG of the chosen patients who were later advised to consult the cardiologists for further examinations while others were recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle to avoid falling into the basket of heart diseases. Approximately 60,000 Pakistani children are born with congenital heart Disease each year. At least 25 per cent children, influenced with the problem, require surgery or intervention in early life to survive. There is not a health facility in Balochistan to treat CHD like health problems. About 30,000 Pakistani children are identified with some acquired heart disease similar rheumatic heart disease, myocarditis etc. That attained heart disease developed after birth and was least common in children than grown up. In Pakistan there was a problem of diagnosis and early detection of the disease. Substantial numbers of these are those who can be treated if diagnosed good time. Approximately 100,000 CHD cases were recorded only in NICVD in 2018, which demonstrate the disease prevalence in the country. NICVD was the first Institute of Pakistan to provide Paediatric Cardiology services, where surgeries for CHD were being performed since 1974. As far as the international minimum requirement, concerned there is need of about 250 paediatric cardiologist and 150 paediatric cardiac surgeons. NICVD had 35 paediatric cardiologists and 16 paediatric cardiac surgeons. There was a need to perform 22000 surgeries each year but merely 4000 surgeries were performed each year.
Cardiac diseases killed more Indians in 2016 for example 28 percent than any other non-communicable disease. These are twice the numbers reported in 1990 when heart disease caused 15 percent of deaths in India. Deaths owing to cardiovascular diseases in India accelerated from 1.3 million in 1990 to 2.8 million in 2016, and more than half the deaths caused by heart diseases in 2016 were in persons less than 70 years of age.

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