Syed Kamal Hussain Shah
ABBOTTABAD: Syed Pervez Musharraf was the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. In 1961, at age of 18, Musharraf entered the Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul. During his college years at PMA and initial joint military testings, Musharraf shared a room with PQ Mehdi of Pakistan Air Force and Abdul Aziz Mirza of Navy, both reached four-star assignments and served with Musharraf later on.
In 1964, Musharraf graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in his class of 29th PMA Long Course together with Ali Kuli Khan. He was commissioned in the artillery regiment as second lieutenant and posted near the Indo-Pakistan border.
His first battlefield experience was with an artillery regiment in the intense fighting for Khemkaran sector in the Second Kashmir War. He also participated in the Lahore and Sialkot war zones during the conflict. During the war, Musharraf developed a reputation for sticking to his post under shellfire. He received the Imtiazi Sanad medal for gallantry.
Shortly after the end of the 1965 war, he joined the elite Special Service Group (SSG). He served in the SSG from 1966-1972. He was promoted to army captain and to major during this period. During the 1971 war with India, he was a company commander of an SSG commando battalion. During the 1971 war, he was scheduled to depart to East-Pakistan to join the army-navy joint military operations, but instead his deployment did not materialize after Indian Army advances towards Southern Pakistan.
Musharraf was a lieutenant colonel in 1974 and a colonel in 1978. As staff officer in the 1980s, he studied political science at NDU, and then briefly tenured as assistant professor of war studies at the Command and Staff College and then assistant professor of political science also at the National Defence University. In 1987, he became a brigade commander of a new brigade of the SSG near Siachen Glacier. He was personally chosen by then President and Chief of the Army Staff General Zia-ul-Haq for this assignment due to Musharraf’s wide experience in mountain and arctic warfare. In 1990-91, he studied at the Royal College of Defence Studies (RCDS) in Britain.
In 1991-93, he secured a two-star promotion, elevating him to the rank of major general and held a command of 40th Army Division as its GOC, stationed in Okara Military District in Punjab Province. In 1993-95, Major-General Musharraf worked closely with the Chief of the Army Staff as Director-General of Pakistan Army’s Directorate General for the Military Operations (DGMO). During this time, Musharraf became close to engineering officer and director-general of ISI lieutenant-general Javed Nasir and had worked with him while directing operations in Bosnian war.
His cultural policies liberalized Pakistan’s media, and he issued many television licenses to the private-sector to open television centers and media houses. The television dramas, film industry, theatre, music and literature activities, were personally encouraged by Pervez Musharraf.
In 2004, Musharraf began a series of talks with India to resolve the Kashmir dispute. In 2006, King Abdullah visited Pakistan for the first time as King. Musharraf honoured King Abdullah with the Nishan-e-Pakistan. Musharraf received the King Abdul-Aziz Medallion in 2007.
“Women’s Protection Bill” was passed on 15 November 2006 and the Senate approved it on 23 November 2006. President General Pervez Musharraf signed into law the “Women’s Protection Bill”, on 1 December 2006.
His government increased reserved seats for women in assemblies, to increase women’s representation and make their presence more effective. Empowerment of people through devolution at grass roots level. Empowerment of Women at all tiers of government/legislature.
Legislation against honour killings. Women Protection Bill. Empowerment of minorities through joint electorate as well as reserved seats. Empowerment of younger generation by reducing voter age from 21 to 18 years.
Empowerment of media by allowing total freedom to press and print media and flow of information. Empowerment of economy through wide ranging economic reforms.
Record allocations for science and technology, education and health sectors. Emphasis on human resource development.
Free, Fair, Transparent and Peaceful Elections. During his years in power, Pakistan pursued consistent and favourable policies of liberalization, deregulation and privatization.
Economic recovery, institutional reforms and good governance were our declared priorities.
For economic recovery, the Government pursued a two-pronged strategy of ensuring macro-economic stability and introducing structural reforms for self-sustainable growth.
Growth of stock market. 81 new universities including Degree Awarding Institutions (DAI) and 14,117 schools/colleges were opened. There were six (6) women members of the then Federal Cabinet, which was an important step towards increasing women’s role in the national decision – making. We have a woman as Governor of the State Bank. Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2004 (Honour Killing Bill) enacted.
Reservation of quota for women in Government jobs including Central Superior Services. Work on 102 mega projects was initiated in various sectors from 2000.
Such projects included Mekran Coastal Highway, Lowari Tunnel, Pindi Bhattian-Faisalabad Motorway (M-3), Karachi Northern Bypass, Mirani Dam, Raising of Mangla Dam, Gomal Zam Dam, Sabakzai Dam, Satpara Dam, Kachhi Canal, Rainee Canal, Greater Thal Canal, Gwadar Port, Lining of Watercourses, Mansehra-Naran-Jalkhad Road, Diamer-Bhasha Dam, Neelum-Jhelum Hydro Electric Project and Islamabad-Muzaffarabad Road.
Six projects costing between Rs 1-5 billion have since been completed. Work on six projects including raising of Mangla Dam and Lyari Expressway and first unit of 4 MW of Satpara Dam, was nearing completion.
Work on the remaining 89 projects was in progress and was scheduled to be completed during April, 2008 to December, 2016.
Relations with China are strong and stable and are continuously growing in all aspects. There is unprecedented level of Chinese investments in Pakistan especially in the telecom sector, construction and mining. China has constructed the Gwadar port and upgrading of KKH. Chinese firms are engaged in construction of dams, raising the height of Mangla and other similar projects. Pakistan and China has signed an FTA. In the defence field, we are cooperating on important joint projects including JF-17 aircraft and production of tanks. China remains our reliable partner.
Gwadar Deep Sea Port (First Phase completed) CPEC. We enjoy close brotherly ties with brotherly Islamic countries and play an active role within the OIC.
He has done many other great achievement for nations and country. After the special court decision, according to a statement issued by Inter-Services Public Relations, the decision given by the special court about Pervez Musharraf has been received with lot of pain and anguish by rank and file of Pakistan Armed Forces.
It said an ex-army Chief, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee and President of Pakistan, who has served the country for over forty years, fought wars for the defence of the country, can surely never be a traitor.
The statement said due legal process seems to have been ignored, including constitution of special court, denial of fundamental right of self-defence, undertaking individual specific proceedings and concluding the case in haste.
Concluding the case in haste. Armed forces of Pakistan expect that justice will be dispensed in line with Constitution. Countrywide protests held against Musharraf’s conviction in high treason case, large number of peoples love and respect him has not been given “the right to fair trail”.
The former president, who’s under treatment at a hospital in Dubai, UAE, said that according to the constitution, the case was not bound to be heard but was taken up due to personal vengeance of some people against him. He thanked the people of Pakistan, and Pakistan’s armed forces “who recalled my services for the country… this is the biggest honour for me.”
He will decide the future course of action after consultation with his legal team. More said “I have faith in Pakistan’s judiciary and believe that it will provide me justice based on the supremacy of law.”