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Reasons behind the insurgencies


Prime Minister Imran Khan announced that he would initiate talks with the Baloch jingoists to end the suppurate insurgency, which has devoured thousands of precious lives and weakened national unity impeding social and economic development in the region.
This must have been taken earlier before the very eyes of Balochistan National Movement of Sardar Akhtar Jan Mengal in the ruling caucus , BNP would have been possibly helpful in easy talk. Nevertheless, one is never late for a good deed. However, IK should keep two facts in mind, first is the agitation in Balochistan has a chronic history initiated with the annexation of Balochistan into Pakistan in early 1948 against Balochistan’s will or choice, commingled into the infamous One-Unit in 1954 the arbitrary dismissal of the elected government of National Awami Party in July 1972 and the tragic and terrible murder of Sardar Akbar Bugti in the mid-2000s.
From beginning to end all these insurgencies, the Baloch have suffered incalculable miseries facing bullets,deaths, executions and jails. Second is that he would not be the first leader to initiate talks with Baloch jingoistics. Gen. Pervaiz Musharraf constituted a committee under Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain to probe and delve into the grievances of the Baloch people, the committee’s comprehensive findings were quietly laid aside.
Asif Ali Zardari Ex. President of Pakistan initiated the ‘Protection of Balochistan Rights’ Programme enhancing the share of the province in the NFC and promising jobs in federally administered departments and institutions. Yet, the action petered out too.
Ex .PM of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif mandated the nationalist administration of Dr. Abdul Malik for talks with wean Baloch jingoistics , Nawaz Sharif failed to make any headway.
The breakdown of these abortive attempts to mainstream the insurgent Balochs are straightforward and amateur, Civilian and military leaders have extensively different on the question of Balochistan. However, radically a political problem, the military leadership has always approached the Baloch agitation as a security threat to the federation that overruling the civilian leaders. Afore, in the 1950s, insurgents Baloch leaders laid down their weapons on General Ayub’s reconciliation guarantee. In lieu of Nawab Nauroz Khan Zehri, his sons, nephews and close aides were arrested and dumped in jail, they were unfairly tried, electrocuted, beheaded and hanged. Nawab Nauroz Khan, over 80 years old,died in jail.
Gen.Zia ul Haq refused to recall the army from Balochistan when PNA leaders negotiated talks with ZA Bhutto in June 1977, demanding an end to the military operation in the province.
Sardar Nawab Akbar Bugti, a pro federation politician, impartially wanted justice for the lady doctor Dr. Shazia allegedly raped by a young army officer in Sui.
There has been broad and deep voil and deficit between Baloch leaders and generals with the exception of Jams, Jamalis and Magsis known for their pro-establishment stance in politics, nationalism and provincial autonomy. One can only hope that IK has taken his generals on board before plunging into unchartered waters. Military forces have tried every tool in their armoury ,divide and rule, pitching one militant group against the other, managing transition of power to tame leaders, stemming emergence of the real leadership and xyz.
These all flawed strategies and methods have failed Pakistan in the past, it would not help in the future neither Balochistan. Pakistani military leadership should have taken cognizance of the futility of continuous use of force against Pakistani citizens, and the fast changing regional and global situations prompting new coalitions in the regions.
Pakistan can also sit across the table with the brethren to negotiate deals with other countries. The global strategic and economic importance of Balochistan needs no elaboration. Warm waters of the coastline of Balochistan have been historically coveted by the Imperial forces and strategic policymakers. The province is already in the eye of the storm given the strategic significance of the CPEC and the key role of Gwadar seaport in the Belt Road Initiative. So, insurgency has remained a glow over a decade. Pakistan sees no end to this violence in the foreseeable future too unless the federal authorities decide to take into confidence the pro-Pakistan and popular politicians from Balochistan for a political solution. The insurgencies and wars have been finally settled by political talks. Pakistan can draw lessons from the political settlement of past insurgencies within the South Asian region and other continents.
In the beginning of talks with the estranged Baloch leaders, PM IK probably likes to constitute a wide based and complications mandated commission with adequate representation from the small provinces to look into their grievances. It will hammer home the seriousness of the federal authorities about the initiative.
Commission must find out the
1) ratio of the people of smaller provinces in federal jobs in ministries ,corporations, public sector enterprises in consonance with the article 38 (g) of the constitution.
2) the representation at all levels in the army being a national institute as provided for in the constitutional article 39 and their appointments on merit and in open competition in the army industrial, commercial, financial and educational sectors.
3) number of the bogus domiciles and Permanent Residence Certificates issued from Balochistan and Sindh in the past three decades with a view to cancelling these fake documents and to initiating necessary legislation at the federal level to stop this heinous practice.
4) share of the small provinces in jobs and dividends of the mineral and hydrocarbon industries such as gas and oil, coal and gold,precious metal and stones exploited from Balochistan and Sind.
5) the extent of the under representation of the coastal provinces of Balochistan and Sindh in the management of the seaports and their administrations with suggestions how to compensate.
6) under the representation of students of small provinces in scholarships for higher education abroad
7) representation of Balochistan and Sindh in constitutionally mandated senior appointments.
Solutions of the commission probably made public for all to sightseeing as it would become the first step towards solving this long-standing bone of contention that is also a source of misery for generations.