Home Views & Opinions Resuscitation of nations: Evolution vs revolution

Resuscitation of nations: Evolution vs revolution


History witnesses that every nation has to strive hard for achieving significant position in this world. Some succeeded some could not. During exertion for good, it is very important to invest human energy on right model of struggle. Often, nations fail despite putting extraordinary efforts on their journey to inclination, if they do not follow the appropriate model. It is just like a man who desires to be an engineer but joins a business college. In spite of qualifying all modules, his hard work shall not make him an engineer. Hence, I believe that to start any journey in “right direction” is very important that obviously guarantees success.
Most of the anthropologists have believed in evolutionary process to reach the ultimate stage of success. Some have believed that revolutionary steps make the nations. Lately, our neighbor country China got independence in 1949 by taking revolutionary measures under the chairmanship of Mao Zedong. Before that, she was a deprived nation with weak internal and foreign policies for so long. The Communist Party of China (CPC) that is founding and ruling party of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) made their nation stand on her feet through “revolution”.
Now, China is striving to become the world’s super power. Almost every year, they celebrate their independence day by showing social unity, economic stability and political strength. And the world wonders to see how come a nation that was under intoxication for several decades has built up in just a small period of seventy years. History also mentions various European and American countries who took hundreds of years to shine on the globe. The secret of China’s success in such a short span of time is that they adopted the revolutionary pathway rather than that of evolutionary long way round.
The term “revolution” has been spoiled nowadays. It is not name of bloodshed. Rather, it is a tool to incline. Resuscitation of any nation that is weak in mainly Social, Economic and Political aspects demands working on three-step model to achieve success as China did seventy years ago. These are (1) Clarity of Vision/Purpose (2) Trained Companions and (3) Strategic Course of Actions. In management sciences this is called 3Ps concept (Purpose – People – Program) which is essential to run an organization properly. Hence, combination of these three steps is called “revolution”.
The first condition of becoming a greater nation is to build a national vision. Purpose/vision refers to the ideological/intellectual unity. It discourages any religious, demographic or class based discriminations. Successful nations do face disputes on any basis but they make them constructive for the nation. Contrary to that, deprived nations normally divide if they have any variety in ideas. Hence, if any community desires to be prosperous and revive, it stands mandatory for its masses to get rid of divisions, sectarianism or any other division.
This is the same effort that the Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) started in Dar-e-Arqam of Makkah soon after his first revelation. It took him thirteen years to establish a common goal before migration. He addressed the intellectual minds of that time and united them on single universal vision. He cleared peoples’ concepts about the God. He taught them social/economic/political norms and united a fragmented society on a central point. Before this, Arabs were sundered into different tribes with no ideological centrality.
Secondly, the trained heads are always required to achieve any short/long-term objective. Human resource is very inestimable asset in nation building provided it is not just a group of ordinary people but well trained companions on their central intellect. They need to be very sincere in implementing their vision to resuscitate the declined society. The ideal companionship ever prepared in human history was companions of Hoy Prophet (SAAW) who conquered the world and ruled it for more than a thousand years (623-1920).
Thirdly, a strategic course of actions comprising appropriate decisions is required that needs to be compatible with contemporaneous situations. If a society has been successful to compose a common vision, has prepared a trained companionship but failed to take right decisions on right time; revival becomes difficult. Therefore, all three steps are required to be followed with due importance. The best example regarding this step also urges me to indicate the incident of migration of Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) and his followers who went to Yasrib (present day Madinah) in the year 622 and made various social contracts with different tribes around the city even Jews. After a series of appropriate decisions, Muslims could establish a governmental set up in Madinah.
Later on, Muslim forces took over other cities of Hijaz (present day Saudi Arabia), also conquered Roman and Persian empires and gave peace to this planet earth for several centuries. This incredible and matchless series of conquests became possible because the Prophet (SAAW) and his team went through the right model of struggle by following three steps (a) intellectual unity, (b) trained companionship and (c) the ability to take right decisions.
Prophet’s (SAAW) efforts have compelled many philosophers to follow his models and make him their master. As Micheal H. Hart in his famous book “The 100, a ranking of the Most influential Persons in History” published in 1978 mentions that “the unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad (SAAW) to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.”
History evidently possesses the secret of renaissance of nations. It is up to us who picks it up first and benefit the society and who keeps experimenting.