World Mental Health Day

As reported by the WHO, one in four individuals suffers from some form of mental sickness. It is assumed that around 800,000 people commit suicide each year, and by 2020, depression might exceed other diseases to become the principal cause of death across the world. Several countries are observing World Mental Health Day; this year’s theme concentrate on suicide prevention. Notwithstanding Pakistan has the second youngest population in the world, the discussion around mental health remains extraordinarily limited. More than 34 percent of the population is affected by mental illness, but they remain lack of adequate treatment, primarily due to the absence of facilities and the societal disgrace associated with the subject. Approximately 13,000 people commit suicide every year in Pakistan. As UK estimates says only about 25 percent those with mental health problems go on with treatment. The large majority of those affected with these issues are countered with a variety of issues, ranging from isolation to insecurity on where to get help or information, to depending on the unofficial support of household and companions. The finest way to tackle with this stain is through facts and an enhance understanding of mental health problems. For far long, people in our society have kept mum on the discussion of mental health. Depression and anxiety is not given its due significance. The larger part of the community is even not willing to recognize mental health as a serious problem. The most common treatment for anyone facing depression is to find comfort in religion. But even then medical attention is required. There is a valuable reason why doctors professionally acquire training to treat patients facing mental health issues. In this context the affected may have diagnosis by a close relative or attain closeness to religion in order to restrict the psychological issues being faced. The other alternative would be to take guidance from a spiritual healer. Lastly consulting a medical professional would be the final resort or never any option. People prefer to terminate their pain rather than to suffer depression. The number of suicides existing in our country at the stage is frightening and a huge cause for concern. Pakistan provides totally no help regarding mental health. The community at large needs to be educated in relations to depression, worries, irrational and suicidal inclination. The forthcoming generations are vastly emotional and tend to exaggerate in situations that would otherwise be considered tested. This leads to steps such as suicide or drug use. The state needs to adopt suicide prevention device and reach out to the general public. Mental guidance is intensely needed at this juncture. Mental trouble needs to be treated as actual health problem and proper treatment needs to be imposed. People should be aware of others around them and additional efforts should be made to reach out to individuals facing mental health issues. The financial difficulties faced by the common man today are principal elements in causing depression. Depression is swiftly leading people to commit suicide and no serious attention is being paid to it. Consciousness is required to restraint the on-going epidemic of mental health issues.
Laws should be passed making it obligatory for employers to consider mental health of their employees. Counseling should be provided to employees facing work related pressure. Employers should even be restrained from over-burdening their employees with respect to work. Mental appraisal should be adopted as a vital element of the current system. There are barely any public hospitals which cater to mental health patients. Instead of than treating mental health as a vagabond subject the same should be given utmost importance. It should be mandatory for all academic institutions to employ professional psychiatrists in their respective institutions with an obligation to provide mental counseling to all students. A teenager may be countering problems at home which may be the reason behind worst performance. However instead of taking into account other reducing factors such students are barely punished for their poor performance. Psychological guidance be provided to rural areas and people should be urged to speak up calmly about any issues that they may be facing. Likewise, critical incident of stress disorder has almost no value in Pakistan. It remains one of the most serious issues prevalent universally yet Pakistan far short as usual. The family members should go to the people around them and try and be there as far as possible. They should thoroughly observe the people around us and try and identify a person facing mental issues in order to honestly help them overpower the same. With a concentration mental health, a large number of issues comprising drug abuse and suicide can be avoided to a large extent.
Every fifth person in war areas has depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, the World Health Organization stated, with numerous suffering grave forms of these mental illnesses. The findings underlines the long-term influence of war triggered crises in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen, the UN’s health agency stated. The numbers are importantly higher than in peaceful condition populations, where approximately in 14 people has a mental illness. The number of in the current armed conflicts reached a record breaking of 53 in 37 countries and 12 percent in 2016. Considering World War Two, about 69 million people universally have been forced to flee war and brutality. The WHO’s conflict mental health study, published in The Lancet medical journal, was carried out by a team of researchers from the WHO, Australia’s Queensland University, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington and Harvard University in the United States. It examined research from 129 studies and data from 39 countries published between 1980 and August 2017. Nevertheless Pakistan is one of the 194 signatories to the WHO’s Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan, the issue is hardly a subject of national discussion. It was first highlighted in the 1998 National Health Policy when mental health became a part of primary healthcare, but this effort came to nothing. Afterward approached the federal Mental Health Ordinance in 2001, and later the mental health acts were passed by Sindh and Punjab in 2013 and 2014 respectively. But these ways have neither changed nor have they helped in integrating discussions around mental health and the provision of treatment facilities. Pakistan is countered with many complicated developmental problems and there is large proof to suggest that mental health is directly related to economic growth. Presently mental maladies cost the country up to Rs250billion. Pakistanis have fought terrorist attacks, violence, natural catastrophe and internal displacement, among other hardships.

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