China’s View of the World
As expected Xi Jinping in a recently held 20th Communist Party Congress session has unanimously been elected third time as President of the People’s Republic of China. President Xi became President in 2013 what an achievement a great example for other leaders of the world, those who work for people, their welfare and wellbeing are always rewarded. While addressing audience he told them that a new journey to turn China into a modern socialist country in all respects was on its way. His main aim is to transform China into a global power.
Xi Jinping having secured spectacular victory and complete hold on his domestic power secured at last month’s Party Congress, Xi also seems ready to step back onto the global stage. Xi made his first foreign trip since January 2020 in September and then hosted a number of leaders in Beijing.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz was his major guest who visited Beijing on the back of controversial deal giving China permission to buy a significant stake in the Port of Hamburg that aimed to reaffirm pre-pandemic ties and shore up economic relations between the countries. Germany has often been criticized for its closeness to China-especially after its failed engagement with Russia.
Scholz’s visit produced one immediate good result: For the first time, Xi publicly stated China’s opposition to use of nuclear weapons in Ukraine, saying that the international community should “advocate that nuclear weapons cannot be used, a nuclear war cannot be waged, in order to prevent a nuclear crisis.”
Amid Ukraine conflict holding of G20 conference in Bali on 15-16 November was blessing in disguise when the world is also facing financial crisis, global economic recovery challenges. The world suffered badly due to COVID-19 pandemic and climate change that further badly damaged economy and resulted in greater poverty.
Another burning issue has been Ukraine war. It was good to see President Xi Jinping and US President Joe Biden to have one on one meeting and Biden says both powers can manage differences, prevent competition from turning in to conflict. After the meeting Xi made it clear and called Taiwan “first red line” that must not be crossed in US China relations that remained tense since Biden came in to power. The position of China on Taiwan remains unchanged, people are very happy propaganda of human rights violations had died its own death because it was false propaganda by West.
Pakistan is caught in difficult situation because it wants to maintain relations with Russia and West including US and EU. Pakistan stayed neutral against Russia in UNGA that has annoyed west specially US. Pakistan needs to have good relations with Russia and China due to geopolitical reasons therefore has to move cautiously. Ukraine war has further divided the world that means heading towards cold war era. Pakistan choices are limited they need to build consensus first within the country to present united front to the world as our preferences can affect our bilateral relations. China is more interested in saving lives of people taking best possible preventive measures.
It is true that Ukraine war has adversely affected the global economy. UN resolution on 2 March 2022 as adopted by majority vote of 141 for, 5 against, 35 absentions, 12 absent deplored in the strongest terms the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and demanded its complete and unconditional withdrawal from Ukraine territory.
Undoubtedly it has caused tremendous suffering to human beings and has been cause affecting badly the economy. Russian Federation President Putin decided to boycott G20 mainly to avoid questions on invasion of Ukraine. China never likes to interfere with the affairs of other countries and always prefer peaceful dialogues as war is never the solution of any problem. China stated policy as expressed by Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mao Ning calls for de-escalation in Ukraine, stating, “all countries deserve respect for their sovereignty and territorial integrity” and that “support should be given to all efforts that are conducive to peacefully resolving the crisis”.
To divert the attention from Ukraine, IMF Managing Director has urged China to move away from massive lockdowns and restrict a targeted approach to COVID-19, it is felt it will have impact on world economy that is already causing higher inflation coupled with energy crisis, and wants China to recalibrate tough”Dynamic-Zero COVID”approach. West is looking for excuses to start another cold war that must be avoided at all costs as no one can benefit from such adventures, things have changed globally.
China is all set to assume the role of super power therefore it wants peaceful resolution of all disputes.