Energy production by coal which effects Pakistan

The United States, China, and India are among the largest producers of energy from coal in the world. Coal has traditionally been a major source of energy for many countries, but it is also a significant contributor to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, which can have harmful effects on human health and the environment. In recent years, there has been a growing shift towards cleaner and renewable sources of energy, such as wind and solar power, as countries work to reduce their carbon footprints and address the challenges of climate change.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), in 2020, the United States, China, and India accounted for the majority of global coal consumption for electricity generation, representing about 65% of the total. Here is a breakdown of the percentage of coal used by each country:
United States: Coal accounted for approximately 19% of electricity generation in the United States in 2020, down from around 50% in 2000.
China: Coal accounted for about 57% of electricity generation in China in 2020, down from around 75% in 2012.
India: Coal accounted for approximately 71% of electricity generation in India in 2020.
It’s worth noting that coal is also used for other purposes besides electricity generation, such as in industry and for heating. The percentage of coal used for these purposes varies by country.
Impact of coal based energy on global warming
Coal-based energy has a significant impact on global warming because burning coal releases large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that traps heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, contributing to the warming of the planet.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has concluded that human activities, including burning fossil fuels like coal, are the primary cause of global warming and climate change. The IPCC warns that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, global temperatures will continue to increase, resulting in more frequent and severe weather events, rising sea levels, and other impacts on the environment and human society.
In addition to carbon dioxide, burning coal also releases other pollutants into the air, such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, which can contribute to acid rain and other environmental problems. These pollutants can also have harmful effects on human health, causing respiratory problems, heart disease, and other illnesses.
To mitigate the impact of coal-based energy on global warming and the environment, many countries are investing in renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar power, which produce little to no greenhouse gas emissions. They are also adopting policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote energy efficiency.
Which countries are affected by coal production of USA, China and India
The impacts of coal production in the United States, China, and India can be felt not only within their own borders but also globally. Here are some of the ways that coal production in these countries can affect other parts of the world:
Air pollution: Coal mining and burning can release pollutants into the air, such as particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury. These pollutants can travel long distances, leading to poor air quality and negative health effects in neighboring countries.
Climate change: The greenhouse gas emissions from coal production contribute to global warming, which can cause changes in weather patterns and sea levels, affecting people and ecosystems around the world.
Water pollution: Coal mining can contaminate water sources with chemicals and heavy metals, impacting the quality and availability of water for human and animal consumption.
Biodiversity loss: Coal mining and other related activities can disrupt ecosystems and lead to habitat loss for plants and animals, affecting biodiversity.
Social and human rights impacts: Coal production can have negative impacts on local communities, such as land displacement, loss of livelihoods, and human rights violations.
Therefore, the impacts of coal production by these countries can have far-reaching consequences beyond their borders, affecting neighboring countries and the global environment.
Pakistan is one of the countries that can be affected by the coal production of neighboring countries such as India and China. The impact on Pakistan can vary depending on factors such as the location, climate, and prevailing winds.
According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2018, air pollution is a significant environmental health risk in Pakistan, with outdoor air pollution accounting for an estimated 128,000 deaths per year. Some of this pollution may be attributed to emissions from coal production in neighboring countries.
The Global Carbon Atlas estimates that Pakistan’s carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion were approximately 40 million metric tons in 2019. While this may seem relatively small compared to the emissions of China, the United States, or India, it still represents a significant contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions.
Overall, while it is difficult to estimate a specific percentage of how much Pakistan is affected by coal production in neighboring countries, it is clear that the impacts can be significant and may have negative effects on the environment, public health, and the economy.
Pakistan is among the countries that can be significantly affected by the impacts of climate change, including those related to coal production. While there are many countries around the world that are vulnerable to climate change, Pakistan has been identified as one of the most affected countries, particularly in terms of water scarcity, food security, and extreme weather events.
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2021, Pakistan is ranked as the fifth most affected country in the world by climate change impacts, based on data from 2000 to 2019. The report cites Pakistan’s exposure to extreme weather events, such as floods and droughts, as well as its population’s vulnerability to such events, as contributing factors to its high ranking.
Therefore, Pakistan is among the countries that are most at risk from the impacts of climate change, and it is important for the international community to work together to mitigate these impacts and support adaptation efforts in the country.