Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The Jallianwalla Bagh is a public garden of 6 to 7 acres having walls on all sides, with five entrances. UK Prime Minister Theresa May voiced her profound sorrow for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre whose centenary India, Pakistan and Bangladesh grimly observed. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also well famed as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a mass of Indians, who had assembled in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Indian Punjab. The civilians had crowded for a calm protest to condemn the arrest and deportation of two national leaders. Dyer was confident of a principal uprising and he outlawed all meetings; nevertheless this notification was not largely published. That was the auspicious day of Baisakhi, the main Sikh festival, and many villagers had gathered in the Bagh. They were congregated to protest the insulting Rowlatt Act, and Gen Reginald Dyer set out to suppress them. Without any delay and with no warning, about 1,650 rounds were fired with forceful rifles. Approximately 500 and 600 people died. In compliance with some estimates, the figure was much higher at about 1,000. The bloodbath was observed as a response to the uncommon comradeship that Hindus and Muslims had achieved in recent years. Guided by Mr Jinnah and Mr Gandhi since the Lucknow Pact in 1916, the integration placed a challenge to British rule. The 1919 massacre impressed a landmark point in the battle for independence.
India and Pakistan share numerous things in the subcontinents in the living memory of culture and religion. It is only right that both countries should unitedly observe events such as Jallianwala Bagh and respect heroes such as Bhagat Singh. Britain’s high commissioner India laid a wreath on the 100th anniversary of the Amritsar massacre, one of the worst atrocities of colonial rule for which London is still to apologies. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, as it is known in India, saw British troops fire on thousands of unarmed men, women and children in the northern city of Amritsar on the afternoon of April 13, 1919.The number of casualties from the event, which motivated support for independence, is vague.
British records put the death toll at 379, but Indian figures put the number near to 1,000.Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi was present in Amritsar and on Twitter he stated that it astonished the whole world and transformed the channel of the Indian freedom struggle. On a visit in 2013 former British Prime Minister David Cameron depicted that it a greatly disgraceful but did not give an apology. British Prime Minister Theresa May told the House of Commons that the massacre was a disgraceful mark on British Indian history. She as well sidestepped saying she was sorry. According to Indian textbook at least 10,000 unarmed men, women and children had assembled in the Jallianwala Bagh walled public garden in Amritsar on April 13, 1919. Many were furious about the recent extension of oppressive steps and the arrest of two local leaders that had activated violent protests three days before. The 13th of April was also a large spring festival, and the crowd assumed by some at 20,000 visits Golden Temple sacred to Sikhs. Brigadier General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer arrived with large number of troops, the exit and without signal ordered the soldiers to open fire. Many tried to flee by ascending the high walls encircling the area. Others climbed into a deep, open well at the site as the troops fired. Lots of dead bodies lay there, some on their support and few with their faces overturned. A good number of them were miserable innocent children. Indian newspapers several times called for an apology for a massacre.
The brutal massacre, 100 years past this day in which British troops initiated fire on the multitude of defenseless protestors, stays one of the dismal hours of British colonial rule in India. Well known in India as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, it is currently a moving matter with many desiring a British apology. The British government passed the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act, or the Rowlett Act, stretching suppressive measures in force during World War I. These included imprisonment without trial, and caused mass scale anger, specifically in the northern Punjab region, with Mahatma Gandhi calling for a nationwide overall strike. Brigadier General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was charged with guaranteeing order, and imposed steps as well as a ban on public gatherings. Dyer quoted later that the firing was not to break up the meeting but to penalize the Indians for violation. Demands by several past Indian leaders and politicians for Britain to apologies for the massacre have been ignored. In 1997 the Queen laid a wreath at a site during a tour of India. Her husband Prince Philip said that the Indian estimates for the death count were immensely exaggerated.

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