Maritime climate actions for Pakistan’s 2030 Plan


Spring has sprung with high spirit and ambition as winds are blowing at the level of relevant stakeholders for the formulation of National Climate Change Action Plan for the period of 2021-2030.The Federal Government would be in right direction if it comes true. It is a good portent for a highly vulnerable country and was an awaited step since after the promulgation of Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017.
However, the production of an articulated and coherent document would be a major challenge, considering the ambiguities and anomalies in federal and provincial governance context. At the same time, inclusion of appropriate actions with the provision of adequate resources for maritime climate segment is also very important as full justice never been done with it in the previous government documents including the Framework for Implementation of National Climate Change Policy 2014.
The set of maritime climate actions should adhere the philosophy of climate compatible development by covering the various aspects of vulnerability & adaptation, mitigation, resilience and low carbon development. It should address the cross-cutting issuesby creating coherence in course of action.
In 2017, NDMA developed vulnerability atlases of several districts including the Bahawalpur. It was a much-needed step for an effective planning towards climate response mechanism. There is a need to develop similar atlases for climate profiles of all settlements including the urban and rural coastal communities alongside coastal areas.
National DRR Policy 2013 and the revised version of National Disaster Response Plan 2019 cover the scope of local adaptation plans of action (LAPAs) thus the response becomes more relevant at district and local level. There is a need to develop and implement dynamic Local Adaptation Plans of Actions (LAPAs) and vibrant Early Warning System particularly for fisher-folk/coastal communities.
Climate information is very critical aspect for agriculture-based economy in coastal area districts such as Thatta, Badin etc. There is a need to develop system for sharing climate information with farming communities.
To meet commitments under SDGs, there is a need to develop sustainable potable water supply systems for coastal settlements in order to ensure human security in climatic uncertainties’ scenarios. Building codes for climate resilient coastal settlements and energy efficiency will complement towards SDG-11.
In-depth research is required on potable water availability and its future forecasts for coastal communities/urban settlements, coastal erosion, ocean acidification, sea level rise, water flow in delta regions, change in oceanic temperature etc. SDG Report 2020 highlighted that Ocean acidification due to climate change is a threat for the sustainability of the ocean-based economy, as it would likely to rise 100 to 150% by the year 2100. Provisions for applied research would explore solutions and best practices to complement towards SDG-14.
Development of artificial corals and mari-culture are important for sustainability and resilience of the marine ecosystem. Climate protection for marine archaeological sites may be instrumental for sustainable tourism, livelihood and revenue generation. The ancient port city of Bhanbhore and other sites including Makli, Agore etc. require climate safeguards with allocation of proper financial resources.
Preservation of indigenous knowledge is very critical for local adaptation and coping strategies. Academic research andcapacity development programme would enhance the adaptive capacity of fisherfolk, farming and other local communities, by involving relevant actors.
A targeted climate awareness campaign would likely overcome sea-blindness by sensitizing and mobilizing the masses for contribution through individual actions particularly on the need of urban plantation, water conservation, energy conservation and behavioural change in consumers’ consumption patterns.
Mangrove conservation is not only important for climate mitigation but also for coastal resilience.Mangroves actas carbon sink and buffer-zone. There is a need to launch six-monthly Mangrove Plantation Drive on regular basis.Like CDM, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus (REDD+) is also an important carbon credit-based climate mitigation response for the forestry sector. Mangroves of Pakistan are very important for REDD+ development. Being a UN-REDD country, Pakistan is a recipient of REDD+ readiness grant from World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). But, the Federal Government has quite slow process on it. It could not realize REDD+ demonstration projectsfor Mangroves yet.
Pakistan Navy supports Mangroves Plantation every year. Itneeds to be synchronized with country’s REDD+ endeavor. In past, Pakistan has also secured several funds for environment and climate change but the maritime segment remained unattended though there are a lot of international obligations to be met while dealing with the maritime agenda of blue economy by putting into practice the sustainability safeguards.Hence, there is a need to establish two REDD+ demonstration sites for Mangroves.There is also a need to build capacity of provincial line departments on different windows of opportunities such as CDM, REDD+ and GCF etc.
For SDG-7, set milestone and develop renewable energy projects both off-shore and on-shore, by targeting wind power, solar, tidal and geo-thermal energy sources in Pakistan’s maritime domain. There is a need to bring energy efficiencies and reduceemissions and losses with modern including the digital technological solutions to all engine driven operational equipment at ports / harbors, sea going vessels, maritime transport, logistics, value chains and industrial units alongside coastal areas of Pakistan. Generate waste to energy and treat the urban solid waste stream, particularly for the urban areas of Karachi, Hub and Gwadar.
A Maritime Climate Task Force / or Coordination Committee of officials from MoCC, MoMA, Provincial Environment Ministries, and other stakeholders including National Institute of Maritime Affairs (NIMA), Civil Society Organizations and Think Tanks be formed at federal level to oversight / observe the various aspects of environment and climate change and suggest time to time solutions.Active engagement and fair participation of all relevant stakeholders need to be ensured in all processes at local, provincial, national and international level.
Federal and Provincial Governments need to ensure full compliance with effective implementation of available climate change policy 2012, CC implementation framework 2014 and climate change Act 2017. In this context, there is a need to bring more clarity in the Federal and Provincial jurisdiction, particularly important for climate mitigation, adaptation and resilience for climate compatible development (CCD) in maritime domain of Pakistan.

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonfutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩaAG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88