System of state and its role in nation building
System of the State is based on three fundamental pillars: (1) Parliament (2) Executives and (3) Judiciary.
The parliament’s job is to make legislation i.e. to draft required rules, regulations and other national level policies for the country as the house is based on cream personnel of society, in principle. But in Pakistan, it is not like that. In developed nations, the parliament is composed of society’s highly talented human resources who are specialists in their fields. And based on their expertise in the relevant field they suggest possible measures to grow and build the nation on strong footings. They sincerely discuss on national problems in house and prepare appropriate course of solutions.
Unfortunately, in Pakistan the only criterion to be member of this prestigious pillar is to be wealthy enough so as to manage to buy the necessary requirements to reach the national law making institution. Even if the candidate is literate or otherwise that does not matter here. Pakistani national and provincial assemblies have been having various members who did not possess even the basic education. How come such ill educated members could make proper legislation for the national growth which requires deep insight on various fundamental principles! This is one of the reasons our parliament does not represent to the world an image of a sober law making institution but not less than a fish market.
Another bitter truth about Pakistan’s present laws is the linkage of their foundations with British Empire. British ruled subcontinent for many centuries. The Indian British Parliament had made the laws to keep the nation slave and deprived. Soon after the independence in 1947, it was required to look into this area and then leaders should have strived to make fresh laws as needed for a free nation. But unfortunately, they continued to carry on with the same old legislative footings of slavery.
I do not hesitate to admire Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who was first education minister of India and he introduced a revised education system for India soon after the independence. But unfortunately in Pakistan, we continued the same old education system that was introduced by Lord Macaulay in 1835 to paralyze the nation’s intellect.
The second important pillar of the state is administration/executives. Its job is to implement the laws in society made by the parliamentarians. Administration serves the nation and masses at frontline to get them out of various problems to live a peaceful life and do not let spread anarchy. But, since our laws are not constructive, therefore, several young and experienced officers who want to serve the nation find themselves helpless to make a big difference. Hence, the executives finally become self-centered.
The third pillar is judiciary that is responsible for provision of in-time justice to the people without observing race, color, caste, religion or sect. But is Pakistan, we have been experiencing a dual justice system and a conflicting situation between government representatives and judiciary. Lately, one of the Supreme Judges of Pakistan stated that “our job is not to provide justice but to decide the matter as per present laws.”
How painful that hypothesis is for a common citizen. Pakistan’s judicial system is not same for rich and the poor. The rich easily take law in their hands, buy that and the poor often find themselves helpless to find in-time justice. This unusual condition of judiciary itself compels common people to break the laws to take their rights forcefully.
Above analysis of present system of the state of Islamic Republic of Pakistan indicates that this system is not capable of solving the collective national problems. As the parliament is paralyzed, Executives are self centered and judiciary has failed to provide in-time and proper justice to masses for more than last 7 decades. In present poor and weak system, every powerful has taken as much as benefits as he could and the nation has been facing the consequences of wrong national decisions of so called leadership of all three pillars, in different times. Such undesirable quality of present system indicated towards a dangerous scenario to take strong and constructive national level decisions.
In these critical circumstances, it is responsibility of all literate sectors of the society to strive hard for revival of the national autonomy and a new social contact that can address common social, political and economic problems of the country. It is need of the hour to think and analyze that how Parliament can be productive for national growth and development; how Administration/Executive structure can honestly be engaged in serving the nation with desired passion and enthusiasm; and how our Judiciary can be capable enough to provide quality and in-time justice to every citizen beyond caste, creed and color.